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The Pistacia vera is native to regions of Central Asia, together with current Asian nations and Asian countries anthropology shows that pistachio seeds were a standard food as early as 6750 before Christ. So far, the earliest proof of pistachio consumption goes back to the Bronze Age Central Asia and comes from Djarkutan, a fashionable Asian nation. Pistachio trees were introduced from Asia to Europe within the first century AD by the Romans. they’re cultivated across southern Europe and North Africa. Theophrastus delineates it as a terebinth-like tree with almond-like bonkers from Bactria. It seems in Dioscorides’ writings as pistákia (πιστάκια), recognizable as P. vera by its comparison to pine bonkers.

Pliny the Elder writes in his explanation that Pistacia, “well famous among us”, was one among the trees distinctive to Syria, which the seed was introduced into the European nation by the Roman Proconsul in Syria, Lucius Vitellius the Elder (in the workplace in thirty-five AD) and into Hispania at the constant time by Flaccus Pompeius. The early sixth-century manuscript American state observations ciborium (“On the observance of foods”) by Anthimus implies that Pistacia remained renowned in Europe in Late Antiquity. An article on Pistacia vera cultivation is brought down in Ibn al-‘Awwam’s 12th-century agricultural work, Book on Agriculture. Archaeologists have found proof from excavations at Jarmo in northeastern Iraq of the consumption of Atlantic pistachio. The Hanging Gardens of the urban center were the same to own contained pistachio trees throughout the reign of King Merodach-Baladan concerning 700 before Christ.

In the nineteenth century, the pistachio was cultivated commercially in elements of the communicative world, like Australia in conjunction with New Mexico and the American state wherever it absolutely was introduced in 1854 as a garden tree. In 1904 and 1905, David Fairchild of u.  s. Department of Agriculture introduced hardier cultivars to the American state collected from China, however, it absolutely was not promoted as an advertisement crop till 1929. Walter T. Swingle brought pistachios from Syria that were already fruiting to Niles, California, in 1917.


Raw pistachios area unit four-dimensional water, 45% fat, 28% carbohydrates, and 20% macromolecule (table). during a 100-gram reference quantity, pistachios give a pair of,351 kilojoules (562 kcal) of food energy and area unit an upscale supply (20% or a lot of of the Daily price or DV) of the macromolecule, dietary fiber, many dietary minerals, and also the B vitamins B vitamin (76% DV) and B complex (131% DV) (table). Pistachios area unit a moderate supply (10–19% DV) of metallic element, riboflavin, vitamin B5, folate, vitamin E, and fat-soluble vitamin.

The fat profile of raw pistachios consists of saturated fats, monounsaturated fats, and unsaturated fats. Saturated fatty acids embody saturated fatty acid (10% of total) and saturated fatty acid (2%). monounsaturated {fatty acid} is the most typical monounsaturated fatty acid (51% of total fat) and polyunsaturated fatty acid, an unsaturated carboxylic acid, is the thirty-first of total fat. Relative to different tree bonkers, pistachios have a lower quantity of fat and food energy but higher amounts of metal, vitamin K, γ-tocopherol, and sure phytochemicals like carotenoids, and phytosterols.

Pistachios​ 1

This article is concerning the preparation nut and also the tree that bears it. For different uses, see Pistachio (disambiguation). The pistachio is a member of the cashew family, maybe a tiny tree originating from Central Asia and also the geographical area. The tree produces seeds that are unit-wide and consumed as food. Pistacia vera is commonly confused with different species within the genus Pistacia that are referred to as pistachio. These different species are distinguished by their geographic distributions (in the wild) and their seeds that area unit a lot smaller and have a soft shell.