The cashew Tree (Anacardium occidentale) could be a tropical evergreen tree that produces the cashew seed and also the cashew apple pseudocarp. The tree will grow as tall as fourteen meters (46 feet), however the dwarf cultivars, growing up to six m (20 ft), prove a lot of profitable, with earlier maturity and bigger yields. The cashew seed is usually thought about as a snack nut (cashew nut) eaten up on its own, utilized in recipes, or processed into cashew cheese or cashew butter. just like the tree, the nut is commonly merely referred to as cashew. Cashew allergies square measure triggered by the proteins found in tree buggy, and preparation usually doesn’t take away or modify these proteins.
In 2019, four million tonnes of cashew buggy were made globally, with Cote d’Ivoire and Asian nations because of the leading producers. yet because of the nut and fruit, the plant has many alternative uses. The shell of the cashew seed yields derivatives which will be utilized in several applications together with lubricants, waterproofing, paints, and, beginning in warfare II, arms production. The cashew apple could be a lightweight cherry to yellow fruit, whose pulp and juice will be processed into a sweet, astringent potable or hard and distilled into liquor.
Raw cashews square measure five-hitter water, half-hour carbohydrates, 44% fat, and eighteen macromolecules (table). during a one hundred gram reference quantity, raw cashews give 553 Calories, sixty-seven of the Daily price (DV) in total fats, three hundred and sixty-five days DV of the macromolecule, thirteen DV of dietary fiber, and 11 November DV of carbohydrates. Cashews square measure made sources (20% or a lot of of the DV) of dietary minerals, together with significantly copper, manganese, phosphorus, and Mg (79-110% DV), and of B-complex vitamin, vitamin B complex, and vitamin K (32-37% DV) (table). Iron, potassium, zinc, and chemical element square measure gift in vital content (14-61% DV) (table). Cashews (100 grams, raw) contain 113 milligrams (1.74 gr) of beta-sitosterol.
Culinary uses cashew seeds in snacking and preparation square measure kind of like those for all tree seeds referred to as buggy.
Cashews square measure normally utilized in South Asian preparation, whole for garnishing sweets or curries, or ground into a paste that forms a base of sauces for curries (e.g., korma), or some sweets (e.g., Kaju barfi). it’s conjointly utilized in small-grained kinds within the preparation of many Indian sweets and desserts. In Goan preparation, each cooked and raw kernel square measure is used whole for creating curries and sweets. Cashews are utilized in Thai and Chinese cuisines, typically in the whole kind. within the Philippines, cashew could be a famed product of Antipolo and is eaten up with suman. The province of Pampanga conjointly encompasses a sweet course referred to as turrones Diamond State casuy, which is cashew candy wrapped in white wafers. In the state, cooked and preserved cashews square measure referred to as kacang borderline or kacang made, whereas the cashew apple is named jambu monyet (lit. ‘monkey rose apple).
In the twenty-first century, cashew cultivation was magnified in many African countries to satisfy the stress of producing cashew milk, plant milk various to farm milk. In African nations, bolo polana could be cake-ready victimization of small-grained cashews and mashed potatoes because of the main ingredients. This course is well-liked in the Republic of South Africa.