Purandhar Das is regarded as the founder of Carnatic music because he established the fundamentals of the genre. He popularized this music, and his contributions to Carnatic music are flawless. Carnatic music is a Sanskrit term that translates to Karnataka Sangitam, which means “traditional” or codified music. Many scholars use this music for lyrics in Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam, in addition to Sanskrit and Tamil. It is also known as Carnatic music and South Indian popular music because it originated in Karnataka.
It is performed in a gayaki style and focuses on religious themes influenced by the Bhakti movement of the 15th and 16th centuries. Swaras arose from the sounds of birds and animals. Carnatic music compositions were sung in 3 to 7 note intervals. Deities, specifically devas and devis, inspired this music. Traditionally, music was taught through the Gurukul system, in which students studied music alongside the gurus in ashrams.
Carnatic music has evolved over three centuries.
This music arose during the Vedic period, in the fourth century AD. According to Bharata Natyashastra, the three main fundamentals of this music are Swara, Tala, and Pada.
The Medieval times
Raga was born in the sixth century of the Christian era. As a result, a Hindu poet composed Gita Govinda in the 17th century AD, which consists of 24 songs, each with a different set of ragas.
The Modern times
Throughout the country, this music is now revered and adored. Muthuswami Dikshitar, Tyagaraja, and Syama Sastri were the 18th-century Carnatic music’s three crown jewels. Manikka Mudaliar, Subbarama Dikshitar-Sangeeta Chandrika, and Sangeeta Sampradaya Pradarsini were all honored for their outstanding contributions. It was improved with each century as the number of international concertgoers grew.
- S. Subbulakshmi, Aruna Sairam, Sudha Ragunathan, and others.
- Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer, Nithyasree Mahadevan
- K.L. Yesudas, Bombay Jayashri T. N. Seshagopopal, the Bombay sisters, and other
They had made significant contributions to the music world and gained recognition for their efforts.and received national and international recognition for their performances.